Introduction, thesis statement, and annotated bibliography – due in


Introduction, Thesis Statement, and Annotated Bibliography

Prepare: Prior to beginning work on this assignment, review the Introductions & Conclusions (Links to an external site.) and Annotated Bibliography (Links to an external site.) web pages, and Evaluating Sources (Links to an external site.) and Annotated Bibliography (Links to an external site.) tutorials.

Reflect: Reflect back on the Week 1 discussion in which you shared with the class the global societal issue that you would like to further address. Explore critical insights that were shared by your peers and/or your instructor on the topic chosen and begin your search for scholarly sources with those insights in mind.

Write: For this assignment, review the Annotated Bibliography Formatting Guidelines and address the following prompts:

· Introductory paragraph to topic (refer to the Final Paper guidelines for your topic selection).

o Write an introductory paragraph with at least 150 words that clearly explains the topic, the importance of further research, and ethical implications.

· Thesis statement.

o Write a direct and concise thesis statement, which will become the solution to the problem that you will argue or prove in the Week 5 Final Paper. (A thesis statement should be a concise, declarative statement. The thesis statement must appear at the end of the introductory paragraph.)

· Annotated bibliography.

o Develop an annotated bibliography to indicate the quality of the sources you have read.

o Summarize in your own words how the source contributes to the solution of the global societal issue for each annotation.

o Address fully the purpose, content, evidence, and relation to other sources you found on this topic (your annotation should be one to two paragraphs long—150 words or more.

o Include no less than five scholarly sources in the annotated bibliography that will be used to support the major points of the Final Paper.

o Demonstrate critical thinking skills by accurately interpreting evidence used to support various positions of the topic.

The Introduction, Thesis Statement, and Annotated Bibliography

· Must be 1,000  words in length (not including title and references pages) and formatted according to APA style, as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center’s APA Style (Links to an external site.) resource. 

· Must include a separate title page with the following:

o Title of paper

o Student’s name

o Course name and number

o Instructor’s name

o Date submitted

· For further assistance with the formatting and the title page, refer to APA Formatting for Word 2013 (Links to an external site.).

· Must utilize academic voice. See the Academic Voice (Links to an external site.) resource for additional guidance.

· Must use at least five scholarly sources.

o The Scholarly, Peer Reviewed, and Other Credible Sources (Links to an external site.) table offers additional guidance on appropriate source types. If you have questions about whether a specific source is appropriate for this assignment, contact your instructor. Your instructor has the final say about the appropriateness of a specific source for an assignment. The Integrating Research (Links to an external site.) tutorial will offer further assistance with including supporting information and reasoning.

· Must document in APA style any information used from sources, as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center’s Citing Within Your Paper. (Links to an external site.)

· Must have no more than 15% quoted material in the body of your essay based on the Turnitin report. References list will be excluded from the Turnitin originality score.

· Must include a separate references page that is formatted according to APA style. See the Formatting Your References List (Links to an external site.) resource in the Ashford Writing Center for specifications.


Changes in climatic conditions have been a topic of discussion for decades in the past and its effects are only becoming direr in recent times. Climate change is a global issue that equally affects everyone in equal measures regardless of one’s location around the globe. Research on climate changes and ways to reverse the effects of climatic changes is one of the commonly talked about, researched and heavily funded issues affecting planet earth (Gross, 2018).

           In the course of the study, it is important to widely research the topic. Research on climatic changes has been going on previously and still in recent times. It, therefore, calls for keen scrutiny to identify legitimate and scholarly articles that could be used in this discussion. One can check the authors and publishing firm for the article. One can check the date published to identify if it is viable to be used as a reference. If the source is a website to check if it legitimate. Information from Wikipedia can hence not be trusted. Articles used in the research need to be cited to support the information mentioned. This indicates the legitimacy of information recorded in the paper (Schuhmann, 2016).

           With the world currently depending on industrialization, pollution is a great menace in the environment as it has caused climate change. Commissions have been formed to investigate how the effects of climatic changes can be reversed. Scientists have hence indicated that due to global warming, mountain tops are melting down and islands could be soon underwater. Scientists have hence named climatic changes as the greatest challenges in recent times. The effects of climatic changes are overwhelming as temperatures rise beyond limits that have not been previously experienced (Gross, 2018).


Gross, L. (2018). Confronting climate change in the age of denial. PLOS BIOLOGY. (Links to an external site.)

Schuhmann, R. H. (2016). Rock Ethics Institute International Conference on Integrating Development and Climate Change Ethics, At Penn State University. (Links to an external site.)


Climate change was previously viewed as an issue that would affect the distant future but now it is in the present. For the greater part of the 21st century, oceanic and atmospheric temperatures have been on the rise with partners in precipitation constantly changing. Oceans have become acidic and to make matters more serious, intensity and frequency of weather vents are as well on the rise. Data on a global scale indicate that 2016 was the warmest years and for three consecutive years, the global average for surface temperatures was still increasing. This should cause panic and interventions should be sought after to reverse the effects of climatic changes (Grossman, 2018).

           The leaders of the world are constantly at loggerheads to try to determine and agree on what needs to be done in response to changes in climatic conditions. Many economists bare the belief that emissions should be reduced as benefits exceed paying the cost of climate changes hence it needs to be done fast. This strategy has however come under attack as nations feel that they may be disadvantaged as they heavily depend on industries to run their economies. There is still a huge divide as many are not sure whether it is best to reduce emissions or invest in assisting the world to adapt to the effect of climatic changes (Henderson et al., 2018).

It has been attributed by scientists that if emissions are not reduced, the world could be experiencing significantly high heat waves by the next century. Nations in Europe are at risk of coastal flooding due to global warming. Countries currently are facing challenges in nutrition as temperatures do not favor the viability of plant proteins yet there is still no comprehensive legislation on climatic changes (Grossman, 2018).


Grossman, M. R. (2018). Climate Change and the Individual. The American Journal of Comparative Law, 66(1), 345–378. (Links to an external site.)

Henderson, R. M., Reinart, S. A., Dekhtyar, P., & Migdal, A. (2018). Climate change in 2018: Implications for Busines (9-317-032). Harvard Business School. (Links to an external site.)

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