Assignemnt 4 dear reader letter

Miraflore Ndifon

Christopher Moreland

MMW 13


Commented [1]: Please make sure not to resolve my
comments because our professor needs to see them to
be able to grade them


This paper explores the complex variety of political power dynamics and governance

structures during the crucial year of 1260 CE in the United States, within the wider backdrop of

1250 to 1799 CE. By delving into a myriad of erudite compositions spanning various literary

forms and scholarly publications, the investigation endeavors to illuminate the metamorphic

occurrences within the realm of politics during this particular epoch. These sources provide

distinct perspectives on the intricate historical events, deciphering the intricate relationship

between specific regional conditions and broader geopolitical changes, particularly in the Middle

East, Central Asia, and Galilee.

Political power and governance structures during the 1260 CE

The year 1260 CE is a watershed moment in human history, marked by a cascade of

seismic political shifts felt all around the globe. Understanding the complex power dynamics and

governance systems is of utmost importance as different areas face different problems and

possibilities. The reason of this article is to observe the problematic dynamics at play in the

formation of political strength constructions for the duration of this duration of profound change.

This find out about attracts on a extensive range of tutorial sources in an effort to supply a

thorough draw close of the background. Understanding the dynamics of power, the complexities

of governance, and the elements that form societies requires a thorough investigation of the

political local weather in 1260 CE. The period of 1260 CE was a significant turning point in

human history, initiating a period of significant global changes that had far-reaching effects. This

question employs a wide range of scholarly allusions to shed light on the past circumstances in

an effort to decipher the complex systems that shaped political power structures at this pivotal


Political power dynamics and governance structure:

The concept of “politic force fluctuations” is employed to elucidate the intricate dance and

reciprocal influence of diverse individuals, collectives, and establishments within a governmental

framework. The shaping of power in a society is influenced by the intricate interplay of these

processes. The establishment of a nation or organization’s governing framework generally arises

from a complex interplay of deliberations, conflicts, coalitions, and strategies. The arrangement

of a community’s governing framework is the intricate web of regulations and customs put in

place to oversee the manner in which dominion and influence are allocated and employed.

Commented [2]: I believe since your research is well
thought out and your essay is thoroughly written your
title can be a bit more intriguing

Commented [3]: I really like this sentence that you
included because it adds a lot of clarification for your

Commented [4]: I believe this sentence sounds a bit
repetitive of the last two sentences as it summarizes
them up. I would recommend either eliminating this
sentences or connecting it to the research you found
and how it will add to your thesis.

Commented [5]: This sentence does not make much
sense to me. You can try to take out a few words that
will make it flow better.

Commented [6]: Although this can be explained in your
analysis, I believe this will sound much more
informative if you are as specific as possible in listing
the turning point that occurred. What did the turning
point achieve? Why?

Commented [7]: Nice job

Commented [8]: I would recommend condensing and
combining these two sentences.

Theoretical Foundations:

In his book “Revolution: Structure and Meaning in World History,” Goldstone lays forth a

conceptual framework for analyzing revolutionary movements. The book covers a vast period of

time, yet its insights on revolution’s structural aspects and deeper meanings are invaluable. The

political climate of 1260 CE may be analyzed through the lens of revolutionary dynamics, which

are often marked by drastic transitions in political power. By adapting Goldstone’s ideas to this

particular historical setting, we can examine how systemic factors and the ambitions of different

individuals drove power shifts and changes. This theoretical framework provides a prism through

which to examine the causes, developments, and results of this historic year’s political upheavals.

Perspectives from the Regions:

In “The History of Galilee, 47 BCE to 1260 CE,” Silver takes readers on a tour through the

political development of Galilee over a long period of time. The book goes beyond a simple

history to explore the nuances of regional administration’s development and evolution.

Understanding the unique political history of Galilee allows us to see how regional power

dynamics relate to the larger geopolitical picture. Understanding how regional government

systems reacted to external forces and internal currents in the key year of 1260 CE may be aided

by looking at the instance of Galilee. A more complete picture of the governance dynamics of

the period may be pieced together with the help of this detailed analysis of the elements that

either strengthened the current authority or prompted challenges to it.

Commented [9]: Instead of summarizing elaborate
further as it will explain why the research you found is
important to answering your research question.

Commented [10]: I understand what you mean, but I
don’t feel as if you are explaining well enough why it is
important to understand this? Also explain what it is for
people who might not know what you are talking about.

Aspects of the Natural World:

Environmental factors frequently influence the political dynamic. The article by Chen et

al. titled “Ecological and Societal Effects of Central Asian Streamflow Variation over the Past

Eight Centuries” analyzes the impact of streamflow shifts in Central Asia on ecological and

social factors. This investigation into the possible relationship between weather and government

sheds light on how environmental elements may have impacted the balance of power in Central

Asian politics around the year 1260 CE.

Political processes are frequently slightly influenced by environmental causes, but these

factors remain largely unacknowledged. Research by Chen et al., titled “Ecological and Societal

Effects of Central Asian Streamflow Variation over the Past Eight Centuries,” explores the

effects that changes in streamflow have had on Central Asia’s ecosystems and human societies.

Understanding the relationship between environmental conditions and political processes is

enriched by this study’s recognition of the possible link between climate flux and governance

structures. By looking at what happened in Central Asia about 1260 CE, we may learn more

about how climate change may have exacerbated existing power relations or prompted new ways

of governing. This research from the scientific community broadens our perspective by

illuminating the interplay between nature and human systems of power throughout this pivotal


Commented [11]: Instead of constantly saying
“understanding” use synonyms that will help your
writing not sound repetitive.

Environment and Administration:

Research by Gamble, Powers, and Hackett titled “Central Tibetan Famines 1280-1400”

looks at the relationship between climatic changes and governmental structures during famine

times in Central Tibet. This source helps us comprehend how climate change after 1260 CE

could have affected governing institutions by delving into the relationship between

environmental shifts and the capacity for political resilience.

In their paper “Central Tibetan Famines 1280-1400,” Gamble, Powers, and Hackett

investigate the relationship between climatic variability and control mechanisms during times of

famine in Central Tibet. This source helps us understand how climate change after 1260 CE may

have influenced political systems by deconstructing the link between environmental change and

political resilience. It is possible that changes in power dynamics and approaches to leadership

might be precipitated by gaining insight into the social battles induced by climatic catastrophes.

This study provides a holistic look at how civilizations have dealt with periods of shortage and

turmoil by highlighting the complex relationship between environmental stresses and political


Formation of States and the Spread of Information. The article “Wisdom Is Welcome

Where It Comes From: War, Diffusion, and State Formation in Scandinavia” by Grynaviski and

Steinsson analyzes the importance of wars and the spread of knowledge in establishing

Scandinavian states. This article gives insight on the change in political power through time by

examining the growth of regional government. The establishment of states and power

distribution. The article “Wisdom Is Welcome Wherever It Comes From: War, Diffusion, and

State Formation in Scandinavia,” written by Grynaviski and Steinsson, investigates the processes

of state development in Scandinavia, with an emphasis on the roles played by combat and the

Commented [12]: You can shorten this down so you are
able to take out any unnecessary information.

Commented [13]: You do not need to mention this,
especially if you have already mentioned it in the same

spread of knowledge. Using the growth of regional government as a lens, this essay reveals the

change in political influence through time. An improved understanding of state development and

power structures circa 1260 CE is provided by this source. It forces us to ponder how struggles

and the sharing of ideas have contributed to the formation of new models of government at this

critical moment. Grynaviski and Steinsson’s work sheds light on the larger global currents that

flowed through this era by providing a detailed knowledge of the complicated processes that

supported the consolidation of political power in a specific location on about 1260 CE are better

understood with the help of this source.


This research seeks to understand the political power dynamics and governance systems

that influenced the year 1260 CE by evaluating these many sources. These books provide light

on how structural, regional, environmental, and knowledge-driven variables all shaped political

shifts throughout this crucial era. This comparative research sheds light on the workings of

power and government in 1260 CE by painting a nuanced picture of the political environment.

We may create a varied and complete narrative of the political landscape at this important time in

history by weaving together insights from theoretical frameworks, regional subtleties,

environmental effects, and the dynamic interaction between knowledge and state formation.

When taken together, they provide a more nuanced picture of the complexity of government, the

adaptive tactics of political actors, and the lasting legacies that were born out of the events of

1260 CE. This cross-cultural comparison reveals the complex web of interconnected power

structures that has persisted through the ages.


Goldstone, J. A. (2020). Revolution: Structure and Meaning in World History. Said Amir

Arjomand, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2019. Pp. 400. $55.00 cloth. ISBN:

9780226026848. International Journal of Middle East Studies, 52(2), 371-372.

Silver, M. M. (2021). The History of Galilee, 47 BCE to 1260 CE: From Josephus and Jesus to

the Crusades. Rowman & Littlefield.

Chen, F., Yuan, Y., Trouet, V., Buntgen, U., Esper, J., Chen, F., … & Zhang, H. (2022).

Ecological and societal effects of Central Asian streamflow variation over the past eight

centuries. npj Climate and Atmospheric Science, 5(1), 27.

Gamble, R., Powers, J., & Hackett, P. (2022). Central Tibetan famines 1280-1400: when

premodern climate change and bad governance starved Tibet. Bulletin of the School of Oriental

and African Studies, 85(2), 215-233.

Grynaviski, E., & Steinsson, S. (2023). Wisdom Is Welcome Wherever It Comes From: War,

Diffusion, and State Formation in Scandinavia. International Organization, 77(2), 294-323.

Commented [14]: Make sure you do hanging indent
which can be done by clicking “format” then “align and
indent” then “indentation options” then change “none”
to “hanging” then apply

Dear Reader Letter

Kindly spare a moment to assess this preliminary version and offer your insights on how it could

be enhanced to deliver a more comprehensive exploration of the intricate interplay of political

authority and governing structures prevalent during the year 1260 CE. The insights you provide

will be of immense worth in enhancing the ultimate outcome. The draft’s major strength is the in-

depth analysis of the topic’s many facets. Comprehensive historical comprehension is achieved

by the use of several scholarly materials, such as books and academic publications. Galilee,

Central Asia, and the Middle East are all represented, giving the reader a well-rounded

understanding of the topic. Incorporating theoretical frameworks like Goldstone’s “Revolution:

Structure and Meaning in World History” greatly enhances the study by allowing for more

nuanced parallels between revolutionary processes and the changes to political institutions that

occurred about 1260 CE. There is a lot of useful material in the draft, however it might need

some tidying up so that everything reads smoothly. To minimize abrupt shifts, certain parts may

need further explanation or tying together. In addition, certain aspects of the study might go into

further detail to round out the picture. It was difficult to provide regional viewpoints with theme

notions within the word restriction that was set throughout the writing phase. Feedback on the

success of this balance between researching the many sources and keeping the story consistent

would be highly welcomed. This paper’s overarching goal is to examine the complicated

relationship between political power and governing structures in the seminal year of 1260 CE,

shedding light on the ways in which revolutions, climate change, and the emergence of new

states all contributed to the development of the political landscape at the time. If I were granted

an additional pair of days to dedicate to refining this preliminary version, my primary objective

would revolve around enhancing the overall cohesion and structure of the document. As a

Commented [15]: I agree with you that most of your
paragraphs provide an in depth analysis

Commented [16]: I also agree with this. Make sure to
not only work on how smoothly the sentences sound,
but also, make sure there are no repetitive sentences
or any unnecessary information that could be cut out.

component of this procedure, it is advisable to thoroughly examine the interrelations amidst

various elements to ensure their coherence and seamless progression. To provide a more nuanced

view of how environmental issues affected political evolution, I would go further into specific

case studies and historical settings, especially in Central Asia.

Questions for Readers: Does the analysis benefit from the theoretical frameworks that have been

selected, such as Goldstone’s work, or are there other frameworks that should be taken into


a. Do you find the transitions between sections smooth and logical, or do they need further

improvement to enhance the overall flow of the paper?

b. How effectively does the argument linking theoretical foundations and perspectives come

across? Are there suggestions for strengthening this connection?

c. Is the conclusion sufficiently comprehensive in summarizing the diverse factors influencing

political power in 1260 CE, or should specific elements be emphasized more?

Commented [17]: I did not know much about your topic
before reading this paper, but from what I can see I
believe the frameworks mentioned play an effective
role and benefits in analyzing the question.

Commented [18]: They are not choppy by no means,
however a trick I like to do is to use the first and last
sentence to connect back to what was just previously
talked about and what will be talked about. This way
there is no need to even question if the paper flows

Commented [19]: You are effective with your choice of
linking evidence, however I suggest you can strengthen
this connection by using more of your own
opinionated thoughts that can be backed up by the

Commented [20]: Your conclusion was good, but I
would like to see something different from what was
mentioned in the introduction. I would also recommend
you try not to start off a majority of the sentences the
same way. Instead don’t keep mentioning it since we
already know what you are talking about. You can
introduce a new topic that connects to your argument
that can also lead to a whole new research paper.

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